The problem of shrinkage of plastic injection parts (surface shrinkage and internal shrinkage) is due to the insufficient melt replenishment when the thick part is cooled.
We often encounter these sink problems, no matter how to increase the pressure, increase the water lines numbers,and extend the time of the injection, the shrinkage problem is unsolvable.
Among the plastic raw materials, due to the rapid cooling rate, the shrinkage of the PC material is the most difficult to solve, and the shrinkage of PP material is also difficult to handle also.
Therefore, when encountering thick and large plastic part injection problems, it is necessary to take some unconventional injection molding techniques, otherwise it will be difficult to solve the problem.
Here is some effective techniques to deal with the difficult problem of this injection molding.
First of all, under the premise of ensuring that the injection molded parts are not deformed, the cooling time is minimized as far as possible, and the injection molded parts are prematurely ejected at a high temperature.
At this time, the temperature of the outer layer of the injection molded part is still high, and the skin is not too hardened, so the temperature difference between the inside and the outside of the melt is relatively small, which is advantageous for the overall shrinkage, thereby reducing the concentrated shrinkage inside the injection molded part.
Since the shrinkage amount of the injection molded part as a whole is constant, the more the overall shrinkage is, the smaller the concentrated shrinkage amount is, and the degree of internal shrinkage and surface shrinkage is thus reduced.
Secondly,the problem of shrinkage and concavation is caused by the fact that the increased temperature of the mold surface will make cooling capacity weak. The surface of the newly-formed injection molded part is still soft (unlike the PC part, the surface is hard and easy to invite shrinkage voids), the internal shrinkage, which is not completely eliminated, creates a vacuum, causing the surface of the injection molded part to compress inward under the pressure of atmospheric pressure, and at the same time due to the contraction force, the problem of shrinkage is generated.
Moreover, the slower the surface hardening speed is, the more likely it is to cause concavation, such as PP material, whereas, the easier it is to produce shrinkage voids,such as PC material
Therefore, after the injection molded part is prematurely released, it is appropriately cooled to maintain a certain hardness on the surface of the injection molded part, so that it is not easy to cause shrinkage.
However, if the problem of shrinkage is serious, the cooling will not eliminate the shrinkage . It is necessary to adopt a method of freezing water to make the surface of the molded part harden quickly to prevent shrinkage, but internal shrinkage holes will still exist.
For materials with a soft surface such as PP, due to the effect of vacuum and shrinkage force, the injection molded parts may have the possibility of shrinkage, but the degree of shrinkage has been greatly reduced.
At the same time for the above measures, if the extended injection time is used instead of the prolonging cooling time, the surface shrinkage and even the internal voids will be better.
In solving the voids problem, if the mold cavity temperature is too low, it will increase the degree of shrinkage. Therefore, the mold is preferably cooled by normal temperature water. Do not use frozen water.
If necessary, the mold temperature need to be increased. For example, when molding PC material, the mold need higher temperature. When the temperature rises to 100 degrees, the improvement of the shrinkage voids will be good. However, if it is to solve the problem of shrinkage concavation, the mold temperature can not be raised, but it needs to be reduced.
Finally, sometimes the above methods may not completely solve the shrinkage problem. If the problem of surface shrinkage must be completely solved, it is a last resort to have a proper amount of anti-shrinkage agent. Of course, transparent parts cannot use this.