If want to reduce or eliminate cracking of injection-molded polycarbonate, it can take two measures:
- Reduce internal stress;
- Or improve the cracking resistance of plastics.
- Mold Temperature
Increasing the mold temperature can reduce internal stress. When the mold temperature is controlled between 80 ~ 110 degrees, the internal stress is small.
- Barrel Temperature
Increasing the barrel temperature can reduce internal stress. For the PC part injection molding, the barrel temperature can be controlled between 260 ~ 330℃, and the higher the temperature is, the lower the internal stress will be.
- Ejection Pressure
The viscosity of PC material is high, which requires high pressure in theory, but high pressure will greatly increase internal stress, so it is inappropriate to use high pressure here. It should keep the pressure between 800 ~ 1200 kg.
- Ejection speed
High ejection speed will increase the internal stress, and the ejection speed should not be very high on the occasion of low internal stress need. The injection speed should be 50~ ~70%, 45~ ~60mm/ s for normal injection molding machines.
- Holding time
A longer holding time will increase internal stress, and the holding time should be between 2 ~ 3 seconds.
- Melting speed
Too high melting speed will cause the molecular chain to tear excessively and reduce the molecular weight, thus reducing the strength and impact modulus, resulting in the product cracking. The linear speed of melting should be controlled at 400 ~ 450 mm/s.
- Annealing treatment
To reduce internal stress, it is necessary to anneal. The annealing setting is 85 ~ 100℃, and the annealing time is 1 ~ 2 hours. The annealing time should be done quickly after injection molding.
- Mold design
For the PC injection molding, the product breaks at the corner, where the radii are small. it is known that stress is easy to occur where R is small
It is necessary to design with uniform thickness, and large R. The external R should be between 2.5 and 3 mm, and the internal R should be between 1.5 and 2 mm.